Before you let your new puppy begin to enjoy the outdoors, make sure you’ve anticipated potential dangers and prevented your puppy from going into places that are off-limits.
Plants, shrubs, and trees
Some plants and trees can be toxic to dogs. Common ones include potato (all green parts), morning glory, foxglove, lily of the valley, and oak (buds and acorns). Many bulb plants, such as daffodils, are also poisonous.
Poisons and toxins
Make sure all gasoline, oil, paint, lawn fertilizers, insecticides, and auto supplies are placed into secure containers, out of reach. Be especially careful with antifreeze and rat poison, both of which taste good to dogs and both of which can be deadly if ingested.
Pools, ponds, and hot tubs should be covered or fenced off. Drain pipes can also pose problems.
Walk around your property and look for other areas or items that could be a hazard to your puppy, such as broken glass, exposed nails, or other sharp objects. Plan how you will restrict your puppy’s access to these areas.
Garbage and compost piles
Keep all food and other garbage in securely closed containers. Used coffee grounds can contain harmful amounts of caffeine, and decomposing food may contain toxic molds. Keep compost in a secure bin.
If there are any toxic plants, fertilizers or insecticides you should plan how you will keep your puppy out of this area, perhaps with a fence. You may also need to protect your garden from your puppy. Remember that many dogs like to dig!
Mulches and ornamental rocks
Cocoa bean mulch can be toxic to dogs. Some dogs chew and swallow landscaping stone, which can cause dangerous intestinal blockage.
To prevent your puppy from wandering, you will need to either build an outdoor kennel or provide secure fencing that your puppy cannot jump over or dig under.
Fire rings, barbecues, and other heat or fire sources pose the potential of causing burns.
Child play areas
Provide your puppy a separate area of your yard to use as his bathroom area. Use fencing, or other means, to keep him out of areas where children may play, especially sand boxes.
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